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US Has an Opportunity to Support the National Resistance Front of Afghanistan

Luke Coffey

Just over one year ago, the Taliban swept back into power in Afghanistan. Leading up to this takeover, in February 2020 President Don...

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Chinese Information and Influence Warfare in Asia and the Pacific

John Lee

The People’s Liberation Army’s increasingly provocative and reckless activities in and around disputed zones such as Taiwan, the Senkaku Islands, ...

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The Taliban’s Amir on the “Victory” in Afghanistan

Sara Hakimi & C. Christine Fair

On Friday, July 1, 2022, Mullah Haibatullah Akhundzada, the notoriously reclusive supreme leader of the Afghan Taliban, made an unprecedented appearan...

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Seven Myths about the Iran Nuclear Deal

Center for Peace and Security in the Middle East

In 2015, President Barack Obama worked with three European powers, the European Union, Iran, China, and Russia to conclude the Iran nuclear deal, offi...

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Six Months after the Russian Invasion, the West Needs Better Clock Management

Peter Rough et al.

Hudson Institute's Peter Rough, Luke Coffey, Rebeccah Heinrichs, Can Kasapoğlu, and William Schneider, Jr. give a six-month status update on Ukraine...

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State Right-to-Repair Laws Need to Respect Federal Copyright Laws: A Constitutional, Legal, and Policy Assessment

Devlin Hartline & Adam Mossoff

Adam Mossoff and Devin Hartline argue that right-to-repair advocates ignore inconvenient facts and promote harmful, unconstitutional policy...

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Understanding and Countering China's Approach to Economic Decoupling from the United States

John Lee

John Lee on China's evolving economic ties to the US and Indo-Pacific and how the Biden administration can respond...

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Russia Can Still Be Defeated, But Time Is Short

Can Kasapoğlu

Can Kasapoğlu discusses the need to provide more aid to Ukraine soon in order to defend the West's objectives. ...

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Prepare Ukraine for Victory in a Long War

Luke Coffey

On February 24, Russia invaded Ukraine for the second time in eight years. While many assumed that the war would be short, a stiff Ukrainian defense h...

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Restarting the Post-Pandemic Indian Economy

Aparna Pande et al.

Key recommendations for policymakers based on deliberations at the Takshashila-Hudson roundtable series Restarting the Post-Pandemic Indian Economy...

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Examining the Realities of Russian Activities and Influence in Africa and Its Effects on the Continent

Nate Sibley

Prepared statement by: Nate Sibley Research Fellow, Hudson Institute Before the Committee on Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Africa, Global Healt...

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Learning to Win: Using Operational Innovation to Regain the Advantage at Sea against China

Bryan Clark et al.

The US Navy has spent the last decade attempting to pivot from efficiently maintaining the post–Cold War peace to effectively prev...

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Defending Guam

Rebeccah L. Heinrichs et al.

Guam, “where America’s day begins,” constitutes an indispensable strategic hub for the United States. The largest of the Mariana Islands in the ...

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Renewing America’s Supply Chain Independence

Michael Roberts

It is often stated that America is a maritime nation given its vast coastlines on the largest oceans and the world’s most powerful navy and coast gu...

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Immaterial Competition: Rethinking the Roles of Economics and Technology in the US-China Rivalry

Arthur Tellis

The US-China rivalry is likely to be the fulcrum around which international affairs are structured in the twenty-first century, akin to the Cold War f...

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'Win Without Fighting': The Chinese Communist Party's Political and Institutional Warfare Against the West

John Lee & Lavina Lee

When compared to Western forms of diplomatic conversation and strategic discussion, phrases emanating from Beijing and the Chinese Communist Party (CC...

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Regaining the High Ground Against China: A Plan to Achieve US Naval Aviation Superiority This Decade

Bryan Clark & Timothy A. Walton

The U.S. Navy and Marine Corps face growing challenges ranging from China and Russia to regional threats such as Iran and North Korea, all of whom see...

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Decrypting Crypto: Cryptocurrencies and the Quantum Computer Threat

Arthur Herman et al.

Cryptocurrencies are increasingly embedded in the global financial and economic mainstream. One reason is that its security encryption, distributed le...

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One-Size-Fits-None: Overhauling JADC2 to Prioritize the Warfighter and Exploit Adversaries’ Weaknesses

Bryan Clark & Dan Patt

Amazon founder Jeff Bezos famously attributes his company’s success to its customer obsession, which drove initiatives ranging from the creation of ...

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Making Sense of the Islamic State’s War on the Afghan Taliban

Abdul Sayed et al.

On September 18, 2021, the Islamic State’s affiliate in Afghanistan, which calls itself wilayat khurasan (literally, “Khurasan Province,” hence the la...

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Tanzania and the Political Containment of Terror

Peter Bofin

In the 23 years since the al-Qaeda bombing of the U.S. embassy in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania’s authorities have successfully prevented sustained terr...

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Unreliable Data Have Infected the Policy Debates Over Drug Patents

Adam Mossoff

The COVID-19 pandemic has vividly brought to the public’s attention the key role of medical innovation in saving lives and increasing the quality of...

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Can the U.S. Regain Battlefield Superiority against China? Applying New Metrics to Build an Adaptable and Resilient Military

Bryan Clark et al.

Organizational behavior is driven by metrics and measurements, which can compel change more effectively than a flurry of management directives from th...

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Economic Cracks in the Great Wall of China: Is China's Current Economic Model Sustainable?

Thomas J. Duesterberg

Since Deng Xiaoping changed the trajectory of Chinese economic policy in 1978, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) has amassed an impressive record...

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Risking Apocalypse? Quantum Computers and the US Power Grid

Arthur Herman & Alexander Butler

Millions without power; stores and banks shut down; vital services running on emergency generators, if at all; lines of hapless people awaiting food a...

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The Diminishing Path to Growth: Can Xi Jinping Avoid Crisis during China's Economic Transition

Thomas J. Duesterberg

Since Deng Xiaoping changed the trajectory of Chinese economic policy in 1978, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) has amassed an impressive record...

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Out of Many, One: Erdoğan and the Convergence of Turkish Worldviews

Blaise Misztal

For at least his first decade at Turkey’s helm, if not longer, subsequent US administrations regarded Recep Tayyip Erdoğan as an important partner. Mo...

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Resilient Aerial Refueling: Safeguarding the US Military’s Global Reach

Timothy A. Walton & Bryan Clark

The US military’s aerial refueling enterprise is a critical component of its ability to project power globally in defense of American interests. As ...

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Genocide in Xinjiang: Centering Uyghur Human Rights in US Policies Toward China

Nury Turkel

Acts of genocide are currently underway against the Uyghur people in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of northwestern China, also known as East T...

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Into Darkness? Scrutinizing Economic Explanations for African Jihad

Stig Jarle Hansen

It is now more than two decades since al-Qaeda launched its attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon. These decades have seen a drastic growth ...

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The Iranian Revolutionary Apparatus and Hezbollah in West Africa

Toulu Akerele

The success of Iran’s revolution in 1979 marked the success of a new global Islamist ideology with a key commitment to countering Western influence ...

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Modernizing the Nuclear Triad: Decline or Renewal?

Andrew F. Krepinevich, Jr.

The United States is planning to modernize its strategic nuclear deterrent for the first time since the Cold War ended over thirty years ago. The dete...

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Powering Innovation: A Strategic Approach to America’s Advanced Battery Technology

Nadia Schadlow et al.

Changing consumer preferences and government policies point toward widespread future adoption of electric vehicles (EVs). Advanced lithium batteries a...

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The Value of Cellular Technology

Urška Petrovčič & Kirti Gupta

Cellular technologies, such as those embodied in the third generation (3G), fourth generation (4G), and fifth generation (5G) of cellular standards, h...

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Afghanistan and the Indo-Pacific: Two Different Worlds

James J. Przystup

As the dust settles in Kabul, will the Biden administration’s recent approach to alliance management impact the increasingly critical alliance-based...

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Japan’s New Prime Minister and the Future of the U.S.-Japan Alliance

H.R. McMaster et al.

Hudson experts weigh in on the challenges and priorities for Japan’s next prime minister. ...

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Xi Jinping’s Evergrande Dilemma

John Lee

Evergrande is one of the top-two real estate developers in a still highly fragmented Chinese sector. Its main strategy is to achieve ever-increasing s...

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Filtering and Site Blocking: Necessary Reforms for the Digital Marketplace

Steven Tepp

Business models and technology have changed dramatically since the 1990s; nowhere more so than online. Those changes, alongside some key judicial deci...

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Visions of Order in the Indo-Pacific: Strengthening Alliance-Based Security Cooperation

James J. Przystup

The initial focus of this research project was the Trump administration’s Indo-Pacific Vision as set out by the president in remarks made in November ...

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Pakistan’s Destabilization Playbook: Khalistan Separatist Activism Within the US

Aparna Pande et al.

For many years, a few members of the Sikh diaspora located in North America have supported the creation of a separate state for Sikhs—to be called Kha...

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The 2021 Australia-US Ministerial Consultations: Five Critical Areas for Cooperation

John Lee

On September 16, the US will host the Australia-United States Ministerial Consultations (AUSMIN), the annual meeting of cabinet-level principals respo...

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Recommendations to Congress Concerning the Investigation into SARS-CoV-2's Origin

Thomas DiNanno

On May 26, 2021, President Biden announced that he had tasked the US Intelligence Community (IC) with providing a definitive review of SARS-CoV-2’s ...

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Now What? The Global Consequences of American Defeat in Afghanistan

Nadia Schadlow et al.

America’s precipitous withdrawal from Afghanistan and the subsequent takeover by the Taliban will have grave consequences far beyond the immediate...

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China’s Gambit for Total Information Dominance: A US-Australia Response

Patrick M. Cronin

This report assesses China’s comprehensive approach to information power and this approach’s implications for the U.S.-Australia alliance. Its purpose...

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Advancing Decision-Centric Warfare: Gaining Advantage Through Force Design and Mission Integration

Bryan Clark et al.

Advancements in digital communication and virtualization are creating opportunities and challenges for integrating military capabilities similar to th...

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Iranian Nuclear Weapons Development Sites Requiring IAEA Inspections

Josh Block

Nuclear weapons experts David Albright and Sarah Burkhard of the Institute for Science and International Security provide a meticulously researched an...

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A Strategic US Approach to India’s COVID-19 Crisis

Husain Haqqani & Aparna Pande

The recent surge of COVID-19 in South Asia challenges India’s traditional ability to aid its smaller neighbors, a change that could, in turn, affect...

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How IP Rights Keep Markets Free

Jonathan M. Barnett

It is elementary that secure protection of property rights is a necessary precondition for efficient markets that drive economi...

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A Just Response to Beijing’s COVID-19 Abuses

David Asher et al.

Nearly 18 months after word of a deadly new virus began leaking out of Wuhan, China, the Chinese government’s response remains fundamentally hostile t...

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The Atrocities Against Uyghurs and Other Minorities in Xinjiang

Nury Turkel

__This memo is adapted from Nury Turkel’s testimony before the US House of Representative’s Committee on Foreign Affairs’ hearing on May 6, 2021...

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The Chinese Communist Party’s Economic Challenge to the Free World

Miles Yu

This memo is adapted from Miles Yu’s testimony before the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission’s April 15, 2021, hearing, “An Asse...

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Winning the Geo-Tech Battle and Building the Quad Alliance in the Indo-Pacific

Eric B. Brown et al.

This policy memo examines seven areas of cooperation between members of the Quad alliance that would strengthen a technological environment anchored b...

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Transatlantic Paralysis: The US-EU Trade Policy Stalemate and the European Union’s Democratic Deficit

Thomas J. Duesterberg

What is often labeled the democratic deficit in governance of the European Union (EU) is not a a flaw or bug in its architecture, it is a design featu...

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Al-Qaeda After the Arab Spring: A Decade of Expansion, Losses, and Evolution

Katherine Zimmerman

Ten years ago, when popular uprisings and regime change ricocheted through the Arab world, many in the West wrote off al-Qaeda as irrelevant. What the...

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The Routinization of the Islamic State’s Global Enterprise

Haroro J. Ingram et al.

In 2020, the Islamic State changed tack on its branding efforts. After years of focusing its global media efforts on the activities of its enterprise ...

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Islam Without Supremacism: A Conversation with Maria Khan

Aparna Pande & Maria Khan

Dr. Maria Khan is affiliated with the Center for Peace and Spirituality (CPS) International, which was founded by her grandfather and well-known Musli...

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The Popular Front of India: Looking Beyond the Sensationalism

Mohammed Sinan Siyech

Amid the emergence of new-age political and activist groups across India over the last two decades, the Popular Front of India (PFI) and its political...

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Does China Really Dominate Global Innovation? The Impact of China’s Subsidized Patent Application System

Jonathan Putnam et al.

Over the past two decades, China’s economy has grown impressively, while its patented innovations have grown at an even higher rate. But this patent a...

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Testimony: Regaining EMS Superiority Through New Technologies

Bryan Clark

Testimony before the House Armed Services Subcommittee on Cyber, Innovative Technologies, and Information Systems at a March 17, 2021 hearing titled ...

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Amicus Brief in Kannuu Pty. Ltd. v. Samsung

Adam Mossoff

Amici curiae are law professors who specialize in patent law. They teach or write about patent licensing, and about the Patent Trial & Appeal Boar...

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Fear and Insecurity: Addressing North Korean Threat Perceptions

Patrick M. Cronin

Diplomacy with North Korea must factor in an understanding of the Kim regime’s fears and insecurity. Pyongyang’s mili...

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The Invisible Battlefield: A Technology Strategy for US Electromagnetic Spectrum Superiority

Bryan Clark et al.

The electromagnetic spectrum (EMS) is a uniquely challenging environment for military operations. Unlike objects physically moving through the air or ...

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Transforming the Middle East: The Origins, Impact, and Evolution of the Abraham Accords

Robert Greenway

The Look Ahead Series is a collection of policy memos examining the challenges that political, military, and business leaders must contend with today ...

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Implementing Decision-Centric Warfare: Elevating Command and Control to Gain an Optionality Advantage

Bryan Clark et al.

Since the Cold War ended, the US Department of Defense (DoD) has developed doctrine and capabilihiuties predominantly for the m...

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US Support for Australia and the Region Against PRC Coercion: A Six Point Agenda

John Lee

The Look Ahead Series is a collection of policy memos examining the challenges that political, military, and business leaders must contend with today ...

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Testimony: Near-Peer Advancements in Space and Nuclear Weapons

Tim Morrison

Testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Armed Services, Subcommittee on Strategic Forces, February 23, 2021 ...

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A US-India Trade Agenda for the Biden Administration

Aparna Pande & Husain Haqqani

The US ought to counteract the influence of Chinese authoritarianism early and often. One relatively low-cost way is to encourage India to engage more...

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Europe's China Chimera

Peter Rough

When Xi Jinping, the chairman of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), dreams of global domination, he worries about one thing above all else: a hostile ...

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Building a Strong and Independent Iraq: Policy Guidance for the Biden Administration

Abram N. Shulsky

Formulating US policy toward Iraq can be a fraught matter, given all the debate and disagreement concerning the actions that brought us to the current...

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Nusantara Islam: Seeking a New Balance in the Muslim World

Rumadi Ahmad

It is not uncommon for people to refer to Indonesia as the largest, most tolerant, and most moderate Muslim country in the world. Indonesian officials...

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Will the Biden Administration Support Global US Leadership in the Innovative Medicines Industry?

Thomas J. Duesterberg

Given the historically unprecedented speed with which the US pharmaceutical industry has developed COVID-19 vaccines—3 of the 4 first products likel...

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Countering Global Kleptocracy: A New US Strategy for Fighting Authoritarian Corruption

Nate Sibley & Ben Judah

Kleptocracy, or “rule by thieves,” has for too long been disregarded from mainstream foreign policy discussions. It is often overlooked as a perip...

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The American Republic and the Authoritarian Challenge

Tod Lindberg

Since the 1789 adoption in Philadelphia of the Constitution that established the form of government of the United States of America, this country has ...

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5G Technological Leadership

Hudson Institute

As the promise of the next-generation mobile communications technology becomes clearer, policymakers are increasingly focusing on the technological an...

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Recalibrating US-Africa Policy

James Barnett

For better or worse, US-Africa policy will not be an urgent priority for the Biden-Harris administration when it takes office in January. Domestic cha...

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Addressing the Sino-Russian Challenge

Richard Weitz

The Trump administration has described the People’s Republic of China and the Russian Federation as the most significant great-power challengers to ...

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Nine Months of COVID-19: The Impact on South Asia

Aparna Pande & Husain Haqqani

Since February of 2020, the eight countries of South Asia have been contending with the devastating effects of the coronavirus pandemic. The region ha...

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Towards an Even Stronger Japan-US Alliance

Taro Hayashi

Sixty years ago, Japan and the United States signed the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security marking the beginning of the Japan-US Alliance as we...

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Productivity and Adaptability: Why COVID-19 Has Not Overrun American Hospitals

Hanns Kuttner

Early in the COVID-19 epidemic, many gloomy images emerged of what might be ahead. In one, hospitals would be overrun by more COVID-19 patients than ...

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Civil War in the Horn of Africa?: Four Possible Trajectories for Ethiopia

James Barnett

A civil war is erupting in Ethiopia—Africa’s second most populous state, a geopolitical fulcrum in the volatile Red Sea arena, and the seat of the Afr...

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Reforming the US Military for a New Era

Bryan Clark et al.

**Introduction** The United States will enter 2021 facing an array of security, public health, and economic challenges that should shape the next pre...

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Catalyzing Consensus around Global Commitments

Rebeccah L. Heinrichs

An international consensus to meet contemporary challenges will develop primarily around defending against shared threats. If the United States is ...

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Iran’s Revolutionary Influence in South Asia

Husain Haqqani

Soon after Iran’s Islamic revolution in 1979, its leader, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini declared that Iran would challenge “the world’s arrogant p...

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The “Central African” Jihad: Islamism and Nation-Building in Mozambique and Uganda

James Barnett

The Islamic State (IS) has not scored many propaganda victories in the year since Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi was killed by U.S. forces in Idlib, which makes...

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Iran in Lebanon: A Fatal Occupation

Hassan Mneimneh

In 2020, Lebanon should be celebrating its centenary. It is not. Instead, it is close to terminal collapse as a polity, an economy, and even as a soci...

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A US Trade Agenda for 2021: Bolstering Global Trade and Countering Chinese Economic Policy

Thomas J. Duesterberg

The most important and durable achievement of the Trump administration’s trade policy has been recognizing that China is not the “responsible stak...

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The West in African Violent Extremists’ Discourse

Audu Bulama Bukarti

On New Year’s Day 2016, al-Shabaab, a jihadi group active in East Africa, released a propaganda video featuring then-Republican Party presidential f...

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The Battle for the Soul of Islam

James M. Dorsey

Jordanian ruler Abdullah I bin Al-Hussein gloated in 1924 when Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the visionary who carved modern Turkey out of the ruins of the O...

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The Jihadist Fight for West Africa

Toulu Akerele

The jihadist ambition to establish a global Caliphate has suffered serious setbacks in the last two years. Daesh (Islamic State or IS) emerged as a mo...

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The US Navy’s Accumulating Challenges

Seth Cropsey

The American news cycle moves so quickly that only the most jarring events break through into popular consciousness. Notwithstanding, the United State...

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