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Out of Many, One: Erdoğan and the Convergence of Turkish Worldviews

Blaise Misztal

For at least his first decade at Turkey’s helm, if not longer, subsequent US administrations regarded Recep Tayyip Erdoğan as an important partner. Mo...

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Resilient Aerial Refueling: Safeguarding the US Military’s Global Reach

Timothy A. Walton & Bryan Clark

The US military’s aerial refueling enterprise is a critical component of its ability to project power globally in defense of American interests. As ...

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Genocide in Xinjiang: Centering Uyghur Human Rights in US Policies Toward China

Nury Turkel

Acts of genocide are currently underway against the Uyghur people in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of northwestern China, also known as East T...

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Into Darkness? Scrutinizing Economic Explanations for African Jihad

Stig Jarle Hansen

It is now more than two decades since al-Qaeda launched its attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon. These decades have seen a drastic growth ...

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The Iranian Revolutionary Apparatus and Hezbollah in West Africa

Toulu Akerele

The success of Iran’s revolution in 1979 marked the success of a new global Islamist ideology with a key commitment to countering Western influence ...

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Modernizing the Nuclear Triad: Decline or Renewal?

Andrew F. Krepinevich, Jr.

The United States is planning to modernize its strategic nuclear deterrent for the first time since the Cold War ended over thirty years ago. The dete...

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Powering Innovation: A Strategic Approach to America’s Advanced Battery Technology

Nadia Schadlow et al.

Changing consumer preferences and government policies point toward widespread future adoption of electric vehicles (EVs). Advanced lithium batteries a...

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The Value of Cellular Technology

Urška Petrovčič & Kirti Gupta

Cellular technologies, such as those embodied in the third generation (3G), fourth generation (4G), and fifth generation (5G) of cellular standards, h...

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Afghanistan and the Indo-Pacific: Two Different Worlds

James J. Przystup

As the dust settles in Kabul, will the Biden administration’s recent approach to alliance management impact the increasingly critical alliance-based...

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Japan’s New Prime Minister and the Future of the U.S.-Japan Alliance

H.R. McMaster et al.

Hudson experts weigh in on the challenges and priorities for Japan’s next prime minister. ...

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Xi Jinping’s Evergrande Dilemma

John Lee

Evergrande is one of the top-two real estate developers in a still highly fragmented Chinese sector. Its main strategy is to achieve ever-increasing s...

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Filtering and Site Blocking: Necessary Reforms for the Digital Marketplace

Steven Tepp

Business models and technology have changed dramatically since the 1990s; nowhere more so than online. Those changes, alongside some key judicial deci...

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Visions of Order in the Indo-Pacific: Strengthening Alliance-Based Security Cooperation

James J. Przystup

The initial focus of this research project was the Trump administration’s Indo-Pacific Vision as set out by the president in remarks made in November ...

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Pakistan’s Destabilization Playbook: Khalistan Separatist Activism Within the US

Aparna Pande et al.

For many years, a few members of the Sikh diaspora located in North America have supported the creation of a separate state for Sikhs—to be called Kha...

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The 2021 Australia-US Ministerial Consultations: Five Critical Areas for Cooperation

John Lee

On September 16, the US will host the Australia-United States Ministerial Consultations (AUSMIN), the annual meeting of cabinet-level principals respo...

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Recommendations to Congress Concerning the Investigation into SARS-CoV-2's Origin

Thomas DiNanno

On May 26, 2021, President Biden announced that he had tasked the US Intelligence Community (IC) with providing a definitive review of SARS-CoV-2’s ...

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Now What? The Global Consequences of American Defeat in Afghanistan

Nadia Schadlow et al.

America’s precipitous withdrawal from Afghanistan and the subsequent takeover by the Taliban will have grave consequences far beyond the immediate...

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China’s Gambit for Total Information Dominance: A US-Australia Response

Patrick M. Cronin

This report assesses China’s comprehensive approach to information power and this approach’s implications for the U.S.-Australia alliance. Its purpose...

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Advancing Decision-Centric Warfare: Gaining Advantage Through Force Design and Mission Integration

Bryan Clark et al.

Advancements in digital communication and virtualization are creating opportunities and challenges for integrating military capabilities similar to th...

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Iranian Nuclear Weapons Development Sites Requiring IAEA Inspections

Josh Block

Nuclear weapons experts David Albright and Sarah Burkhard of the Institute for Science and International Security provide a meticulously researched an...

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A Strategic US Approach to India’s COVID-19 Crisis

Husain Haqqani & Aparna Pande

The recent surge of COVID-19 in South Asia challenges India’s traditional ability to aid its smaller neighbors, a change that could, in turn, affect...

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How IP Rights Keep Markets Free

Jonathan M. Barnett

It is elementary that secure protection of property rights is a necessary precondition for efficient markets that drive economi...

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A Just Response to Beijing’s COVID-19 Abuses

David Asher et al.

Nearly 18 months after word of a deadly new virus began leaking out of Wuhan, China, the Chinese government’s response remains fundamentally hostile t...

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The Atrocities Against Uyghurs and Other Minorities in Xinjiang

Nury Turkel

__This memo is adapted from Nury Turkel’s testimony before the US House of Representative’s Committee on Foreign Affairs’ hearing on May 6, 2021...

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The Chinese Communist Party’s Economic Challenge to the Free World

Miles Yu

This memo is adapted from Miles Yu’s testimony before the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission’s April 15, 2021, hearing, “An Asse...

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Winning the Geo-Tech Battle and Building the Quad Alliance in the Indo-Pacific

Eric B. Brown et al.

This policy memo examines seven areas of cooperation between members of the Quad alliance that would strengthen a technological environment anchored b...

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Transatlantic Paralysis: The US-EU Trade Policy Stalemate and the European Union’s Democratic Deficit

Thomas J. Duesterberg

What is often labeled the democratic deficit in governance of the European Union (EU) is not a a flaw or bug in its architecture, it is a design featu...

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Al-Qaeda After the Arab Spring: A Decade of Expansion, Losses, and Evolution

Katherine Zimmerman

Ten years ago, when popular uprisings and regime change ricocheted through the Arab world, many in the West wrote off al-Qaeda as irrelevant. What the...

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The Routinization of the Islamic State’s Global Enterprise

Haroro J. Ingram et al.

In 2020, the Islamic State changed tack on its branding efforts. After years of focusing its global media efforts on the activities of its enterprise ...

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Islam Without Supremacism: A Conversation with Maria Khan

Aparna Pande & Maria Khan

Dr. Maria Khan is affiliated with the Center for Peace and Spirituality (CPS) International, which was founded by her grandfather and well-known Musli...

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The Popular Front of India: Looking Beyond the Sensationalism

Mohammed Sinan Siyech

Amid the emergence of new-age political and activist groups across India over the last two decades, the Popular Front of India (PFI) and its political...

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Does China Really Dominate Global Innovation? The Impact of China’s Subsidized Patent Application System

Jonathan Putnam et al.

Over the past two decades, China’s economy has grown impressively, while its patented innovations have grown at an even higher rate. But this patent a...

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Testimony: Regaining EMS Superiority Through New Technologies

Bryan Clark

Testimony before the House Armed Services Subcommittee on Cyber, Innovative Technologies, and Information Systems at a March 17, 2021 hearing titled ...

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Amicus Brief in Kannuu Pty. Ltd. v. Samsung

Adam Mossoff

Amici curiae are law professors who specialize in patent law. They teach or write about patent licensing, and about the Patent Trial & Appeal Boar...

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Fear and Insecurity: Addressing North Korean Threat Perceptions

Patrick M. Cronin

Diplomacy with North Korea must factor in an understanding of the Kim regime’s fears and insecurity. Pyongyang’s mili...

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The Invisible Battlefield: A Technology Strategy for US Electromagnetic Spectrum Superiority

Bryan Clark et al.

The electromagnetic spectrum (EMS) is a uniquely challenging environment for military operations. Unlike objects physically moving through the air or ...

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Transforming the Middle East: The Origins, Impact, and Evolution of the Abraham Accords

Robert Greenway

The Look Ahead Series is a collection of policy memos examining the challenges that political, military, and business leaders must contend with today ...

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Implementing Decision-Centric Warfare: Elevating Command and Control to Gain an Optionality Advantage

Bryan Clark et al.

Since the Cold War ended, the US Department of Defense (DoD) has developed doctrine and capabilihiuties predominantly for the m...

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US Support for Australia and the Region Against PRC Coercion: A Six Point Agenda

John Lee

The Look Ahead Series is a collection of policy memos examining the challenges that political, military, and business leaders must contend with today ...

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Testimony: Near-Peer Advancements in Space and Nuclear Weapons

Tim Morrison

Testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Armed Services, Subcommittee on Strategic Forces, February 23, 2021 ...

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A US-India Trade Agenda for the Biden Administration

Aparna Pande & Husain Haqqani

The US ought to counteract the influence of Chinese authoritarianism early and often. One relatively low-cost way is to encourage India to engage more...

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Europe's China Chimera

Peter Rough

When Xi Jinping, the chairman of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), dreams of global domination, he worries about one thing above all else: a hostile ...

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Building a Strong and Independent Iraq: Policy Guidance for the Biden Administration

Abram N. Shulsky

Formulating US policy toward Iraq can be a fraught matter, given all the debate and disagreement concerning the actions that brought us to the current...

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Will the Biden Administration Support Global US Leadership in the Innovative Medicines Industry?

Thomas J. Duesterberg

Given the historically unprecedented speed with which the US pharmaceutical industry has developed COVID-19 vaccines—3 of the 4 first products likel...

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Countering Global Kleptocracy: A New US Strategy for Fighting Authoritarian Corruption

Nate Sibley & Ben Judah

Kleptocracy, or “rule by thieves,” has for too long been disregarded from mainstream foreign policy discussions. It is often overlooked as a perip...

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The American Republic and the Authoritarian Challenge

Tod Lindberg

Since the 1789 adoption in Philadelphia of the Constitution that established the form of government of the United States of America, this country has ...

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5G Technological Leadership

Hudson Institute

As the promise of the next-generation mobile communications technology becomes clearer, policymakers are increasingly focusing on the technological an...

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Recalibrating US-Africa Policy

James Barnett

For better or worse, US-Africa policy will not be an urgent priority for the Biden-Harris administration when it takes office in January. Domestic cha...

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Addressing the Sino-Russian Challenge

Richard Weitz

The Trump administration has described the People’s Republic of China and the Russian Federation as the most significant great-power challengers to ...

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Nine Months of COVID-19: The Impact on South Asia

Aparna Pande & Husain Haqqani

Since February of 2020, the eight countries of South Asia have been contending with the devastating effects of the coronavirus pandemic. The region ha...

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Towards an Even Stronger Japan-US Alliance

Taro Hayashi

Sixty years ago, Japan and the United States signed the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security marking the beginning of the Japan-US Alliance as we...

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Productivity and Adaptability: Why COVID-19 Has Not Overrun American Hospitals

Hanns Kuttner

Early in the COVID-19 epidemic, many gloomy images emerged of what might be ahead. In one, hospitals would be overrun by more COVID-19 patients than ...

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Civil War in the Horn of Africa?: Four Possible Trajectories for Ethiopia

James Barnett

A civil war is erupting in Ethiopia—Africa’s second most populous state, a geopolitical fulcrum in the volatile Red Sea arena, and the seat of the Afr...

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Catalyzing Consensus around Global Commitments

Rebeccah L. Heinrichs

An international consensus to meet contemporary challenges will develop primarily around defending against shared threats. If the United States is ...

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Iran’s Revolutionary Influence in South Asia

Husain Haqqani

Soon after Iran’s Islamic revolution in 1979, its leader, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini declared that Iran would challenge “the world’s arrogant p...

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The “Central African” Jihad: Islamism and Nation-Building in Mozambique and Uganda

James Barnett

The Islamic State (IS) has not scored many propaganda victories in the year since Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi was killed by U.S. forces in Idlib, which makes...

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Iran in Lebanon: A Fatal Occupation

Hassan Mneimneh

In 2020, Lebanon should be celebrating its centenary. It is not. Instead, it is close to terminal collapse as a polity, an economy, and even as a soci...

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A US Trade Agenda for 2021: Bolstering Global Trade and Countering Chinese Economic Policy

Thomas J. Duesterberg

The most important and durable achievement of the Trump administration’s trade policy has been recognizing that China is not the “responsible stak...

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The West in African Violent Extremists’ Discourse

Audu Bulama Bukarti

On New Year’s Day 2016, al-Shabaab, a jihadi group active in East Africa, released a propaganda video featuring then-Republican Party presidential f...

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The Battle for the Soul of Islam

James M. Dorsey

Jordanian ruler Abdullah I bin Al-Hussein gloated in 1924 when Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the visionary who carved modern Turkey out of the ruins of the O...

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The Jihadist Fight for West Africa

Toulu Akerele

The jihadist ambition to establish a global Caliphate has suffered serious setbacks in the last two years. Daesh (Islamic State or IS) emerged as a mo...

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The US Navy’s Accumulating Challenges

Seth Cropsey

The American news cycle moves so quickly that only the most jarring events break through into popular consciousness. Notwithstanding, the United State...

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The US-China Economic Competition: Economic Distancing, But on Whose Terms?

John Lee

In July 2020, Chinese chairman Xi Jinping articulated a new “dual circulation” strategy to “unleash the full potential of [Chi...

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Moscow’s Disinformation Offensive During COVID-19: The Case of Lithuania

Richard Weitz & Aurimas Lukas Pieciukaitis

Russian media outlets have waged a comprehensive disinformation campaign throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. Both the US State Department’s Global Engag...

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The “China Dream” and the African Reality: The Role of Ideology in PRC-Africa Relations

James Barnett

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) promotes its worldview and political and economic model overseas, particularly in the developing world, albeit in a ...

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Europe under US Monetary Hegemony: How the COVID-19 Pandemic Will Undermine a 100-Year-Old Relationship

Brendan Brown

This policy study is based on the newly released book, "Europe’s Century of Crises under Dollar Hegemony: A Dialogue on the Global Tyranny of Unso...

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American Sea Power at a Crossroads: A Plan to Restore the US Navy’s Maritime Advantage

Bryan Clark et al.

The US fleet is at an important crossroads. Nearly twenty years after the drive for transformation led to costly and problematic programs such as the ...

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Weaponizing the 5G Value Chain

Bryan Clark & Dan Patt

US national security experts worry the United States is falling behind China in the competition for 5G mobile communication dominance. While US compan...

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Sustaining the Undersea Advantage: Transforming Anti-Submarine Warfare Using Autonomous Systems

Bryan Clark et al.

Submarines have posed a challenge to naval forces for more than a century, enabling weaker maritime powers to launch surprise attacks ashore or cut an...

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Reducing Russia-NATO Tensions: Codes for Unplanned Encounters at Sea

Liselotte Odgaard & Sune Lund

On June 26, 2020, outgoing commander of US naval forces in Europe, Admiral James Foggo, highlighted the need for more communication at sea in order t...

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Limits of the Wholesale-Retail Model in Understanding Consumer Spending

Harold Furchtgott-​Roth & Kirk R. Arner

The United States has the largest and perhaps most complex economy in the world. It is tempting to avoid this complexity by describing much or even al...

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What Is a Pyramid Scheme?: Distinguishing the Term from Legitimate Multi-level Marketing Practices

Harold Furchtgott-​Roth & Kirk R. Arner

“Pyramid scheme” sounds sinister. The term is used so routinely and casually that it is easy to imagine it has long been codified as illegal in the Un...

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Book Release: “Making India Great: The Promise of a Reluctant Global Power”

Aparna Pande

Making India Great seeks to explain the dichotomy that lies at the heart of the nation: its belief in being a great power and yet reluctance to consis...

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Next Steps for US Trade, Manufacturing, and Supply Chains After COVID-19

Thomas J. Duesterberg

The imperative to return supply chains to the United States for products important to national defense, medical security, and competitiveness in key i...

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Testimony: Trade, Manufacturing and Critical Supply Chains: Lessons from Covid-19

Thomas J. Duesterberg

Imperative to return supply chains for products important to national defense, medical security, and competitiveness in key sectors is not a new one...

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Testimony: U.S.-China: Winning the Economic Competition

Tim Morrison

General Secretary Xi promises the eventual demise of capitalism....

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Testimony: The CCP’s Regression and China’s Threat to Global Peace

Walter Russell Mead

Testimony before the United States Senate Subcommittee on Economic Policy July 22, 2020....

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The Impact of COVID-19 on Vulnerable Mineral Supply Chains

Thomas J. Duesterberg

Throughout our history, the vast mineral wealth of the United States has been a pillar of economic growth and of a high standard of livi...

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The Mission-Ready Cloud: A Multi-Vendor Cloud Architecture for the US Defense and Intelligence Communities

William Schneider & Tod Lindberg

After six years operating with a single cloud-services provider under its Commercial Cloud Services (C2S) program, the intelligence ...

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Boosting Taiwan’s Economic Status is Good Strategy, Economics, and Domestic Policy

John Lee

On January 1, 1979, the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China issued a “Messa...

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Consumer Sovereignty and the Role of Government Intervention

Kirk R. Arner & Harold Furchtgott-​Roth

This essay is part of a series exploring the importance of allowing flexible business models in the American economy....

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Busting the “One Size Fits All” Myth about American Businesses

Kirk R. Arner & Harold Furchtgott-​Roth

This essay is part of a series exploring the importance of allowing flexible business models in the American economy....

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The Three Types of Trust Guiding Consumer Purchases

Kirk R. Arner & Harold Furchtgott-​Roth

This essay is part of a series exploring the importance of allowing flexible business models in the American economy. Producers of goods and serv...

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First Step Act Implementation Fiscal Year 2020 90-Day Report

Hudson Institute

First Step Act Implementation Fiscal Year 2020 90-Day Report...

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A Global Survey of US-China Competition in the Coronavirus Era

Eric B. Brown et al.

The outbreak of the novel coronavirus has introduced a series of new stresses and factors in the US-China relationship. While the world has struggled ...

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Crisis from Kolkata to Kabul: COVID-19’s Impact on South Asia

Husain Haqqani & Aparna Pande

The world’s most populous region, South Asia, with almost 1.9 billion people living in eight countries, has so far had fewer reported infections and...

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Decoupling the US Economy from China after COVID-19

John Lee

The ongoing, devastating effects of COVID-19 are strengthening US resolve to increase “economic distancing” from China. There i...

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The Executive’s Guide to Quantum Cryptography: Security in a Post-Quantum World

Arthur Herman

CEOs and CIOs are accountable for protecting their company, their investors, their customers, and their employees from cyber-threats that endanger the...

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A Legal Analysis of Making Copyrighted Works Available Online During the Coronavirus Crisis

Steven Tepp

The Internet Archive (“IA”) began operation in 1996, at first making archival copies of websites, but soon offering those to the public and then e...

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The Sputnik Moment: Historic Lessons for Our Hypersonic Age

Jerry Hendrix

Distilling lessons learned from the first “Sputnik Moment”...

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Combating China’s COVID-19 Propaganda Offensive to Undermine the United States on the Global Stage

John Lee

Beijing is aggressively engaged in a propaganda campaign to characterize its response to COVID-19 as decisive and representative of a superior system...

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Pathways to Peace: Achieving the Stable Transformation of the Korean Peninsula

Patrick M. Cronin

The possibility of peaceful change on the Korean Peninsula appears less realistic today than it did throughout 2018 and 2019....

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Testimony: The Coronavirus and America’s Small Business Supply Chain

Tim Morrison

The United States needs to ensure its health care security....

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Double-Edged Aid: China’s Strategy to Gain Influence through Regional Assistance

Liselotte Odgaard

China's Janus-headed approach looks for opportunities that developing countries often believe have been neglected by traditional aid institutions...

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The Missile Defense Agency’s FY21 Budget: Positive Developments, Concerns, and Questions for Policymakers

Rebeccah L. Heinrichs

If enacted, the Missile Defense Agency’s FY21 budget submission to Congress would make some improvements to the country’s missile defense architecture...

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Coronavirus and the Chinese Economy: Watching for Signs of a Further Slowdown

John Lee

The coronavirus has become an issue at a time when Xi’s government has spent years engaging in a high-risk, high-cost approach towards national growth...

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