Skip to main content
The West Reckons With Beijing’s Neocommunism
A bicyclist rides past government propaganda in Beijing, April 20.
nicolas asfouri/Agence France-Presse/Getty Images

The West Reckons With Beijing’s Neocommunism

Walter Russell Mead

China’s rise is more than a problem. It’s a puzzle. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall, most Western analysts have assumed that China is a communist country in the way that France is a Catholic one. That is, there remain Marxist believers in China and practicing Catholics in France, but Beijing is as little guided by Marxist ideology as Emmanuel Macron is led by the precepts of Pius IX.

That turns out not to be true. While Xi Jinping likely spends little time reading Marx’s “Grundrisse” or debating the labor theory of value with his comrades, today’s China combines a Leninist party structure with state control (if not always ownership) of the means of production, a planned economy, an intolerant atheism and a ruthless determination to hold on to power at all costs. That Beijing incorporates market mechanisms into its communist system is not new; Lenin introduced the New Economic Policy in 1921 to speed recovery from the Russian Civil War. But the Chinese Communist Party—armed with information technology that lets it monitor and control economic activity on a scale Lenin could only dream of—has grafted market mechanisms onto a communist state structure with great success.

Call it neocommunism or digital Leninism—it’s real. And while the U.S. foreign-policy establishment was congratulating itself on the end of history, China grew into a more formidable world force than the Soviet Union ever was. As the Tibetans and Uighurs can tell us, the new system is as ruthless as old-style communism and, thanks to technology, far more effective at crushing dissent.

Read the full article in Wall Street Journal

Related Articles

Winning the Geo-Tech Battle and Building the Quad Alliance in the Indo-Pacific

Eric B. Brown et al.

This policy memo examines seven areas of cooperation between members of the Quad alliance that would strengthen a technological environment anchored b...

Continue Reading

U.S.-Japan Alliance in Full Bloom

Patrick M. Cronin

Washington’s cherry blossoms are beyond their peak, but the U.S.-Japan alliance will be in full bloom this Friday when Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga b...

Continue Reading

Counterbalance | Ep. 7: Gadi Taub on the Political Deadlock in Israel

Michael Doran & Marshall Kosloff

Israel just had its fourth election in two years and is still struggling to form a government. Israeli professor, pundit, and screenwriter Gadi Taub t...

Continue Reading