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Is The West Finally Pushing Saudi Arabia to Squelch its Version of Radical Islam

Nina Shea

The world heard the get-tough rhetoric of President Trump last May in the Saudi capital of Riyadh when he admonished Muslim leaders to begin “honestly confronting the crisis of Islamist extremism and the Islamist terror groups it inspires.”

Now Europe is finding its voice with a new willingness to pressure the Saudi Arabian government to end its spread of extreme Islamic ideology, known in the West as Wahhabism.

In Brussels, the Belgian government has broken a 99-year sweetheart lease – given rent-free to Saudi Arabia in 1969 – that has turned into an extremist focal point.

The lease covered the Brussels’ Grand Mosque, located on prime real estate in the heart of the European Union’s de facto capital. According to a Reuters dispatch, the Saudis are to detail the mechanics of the mosque’s handover later this month.

This isn’t being done for financial reasons. It follows a classified Belgian intelligence report in 2016 that declared “ideology promoted at the mosque led Muslim youth to more radical ideas.”

Belgium acted in response to a call from the Belgian Parliament last October, after that assembly reviewed the alarming report by the Belgian security agency.

As Reuters noted in a comment that also applied to the U.S: “Belgium’s willingness to put its demands to Saudi Arabia breaks with what EU diplomats describe as the reluctance of governments across Europe to risk disrupting commercial and security ties.” 

Belgium really has no choice but to take action. Islamist terror has replaced chocolate as Belgium’s best known export.

Tiny Belgium, population 11.27 million, has sent more Islamic fighters to Syria per capita than any other European country. Muslims in Belgium were responsible for horrific terror attacks in recent years in Paris, as well as in Brussels.

And Belgium was feeling heat from members of Europe’s highest political elite, who are personally at risk, since the European Union’s headquarters is not far from the Brussels Grand Mosque.

There have been other such moves. Reuters reported simultaneously that Saudi Arabia in January concluded a secret agreement with the West to end its support for radical mosques and schools throughout the world. The English-language,  Saudi-backed Al Arabiya English news service re-published the Reuters report almost in full.

Germany finally pressed Saudi Arabia to close the King Fahd Academy in Bonn in spring 2017, according to a 2016 Deutsche Welle report. It first came under investigation 14 years earlier for alleged ties to al Qaeda.

On Feb. 11, French President Emmanuel Macron told the  Journal du Dimanche that he intended to reorganize Islam in France to better integrate worship, fight fundamentalism and preserve “national cohesion.” “We are working on the structuring of Islam in France and also on how to explain it, which is extremely important,” he said, without providing further details.

These are astonishing developments, but not because they evidence Saudi moderation – they don’t, at least not yet. These events are being driven by Western governments that are now pushing hard for the government of King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud to pull back from Wahhabist support – a push that appears to be working.

For decades European and U.S. leaders bit their tongues while the Saudi governments spent billions of dollars indoctrinating Sunni Muslim communities around the world in extremist ideology in the web of mosques and schools Riyadh supports. During this time, the West was hit time and again with terrorist attacks in which the taint of extremist Islam was clearly a factor.

Since 2005, for a project of the Center for Religious Freedom, I have directed the gathering, translation and analysis of four editions of religious educational texts published by the Saudi Arabian government.

As I told Congress in testimony last July, 16 years after the 9/11 attacks – led and carried out primarily by Saudis – Saudi Ministry of Education textbooks still teach an ideology of hatred and violence against many groups, including: Jews, Christians, non-Wahhabist Muslims (Shiites, Sufis and Ahmadis), Hindus, Bahais, Yazidis, animists, and “infidels’ of all stripes, as well as other groups with different beliefs.

These Saudi textbooks have been used in Saudi academies worldwide, including in Vienna, Paris, Rome, Madrid, Berlin and Washington.

Among other things, the textbooks exhort:

* “The Apes are the people of the Sabbath, the Jews; and the Swine are the infidels of the communion of Jesus, the Christians.” Jews and Christians are “enemies” of Muslim believers who are to be fought and killed.

* Apostate Muslims are to be put to death.

* “Major polytheism makes (the taking of) blood and wealth permissible.”

* Jihad is glorious and defined to mean: “Exerting effort in fighting unbelievers and tyrants.”

Until recently, the West has done little or nothing about the Saudi ideological aggression. In 2010, a top U.S. Treasury counterterrorism official warned  that without Saudi education reform “we will forever be faced with the challenge of disrupting the next group of terrorist facilitators and supporters.”  

But Saudi Arabia was left unnamed and the West was loath to point fingers at or press the point with Saudi Arabia.

Indeed, for years the State Department did the opposite. It deflected criticism of the Saudi Kingdom and reassured the public in its annual religious freedom reports that Saudi Arabia has “reformed” and “improved” these texts. My investigations showed that it hadn’t.

Even after a 2014 New York Times report that Saudi texts were being used by ISIS in schools in its then-stronghold of Mosul, Iraq,  the State Department concealed the incitement in the textbooks of our strategic Saudi ally.

Upon the urging of the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom, the State Department once commissioned an independent review of the Saudi textbooks (2011-2012 edition), which cited and effectively supported my findings, then immediately classified this review. A Freedom of Information Act request in 2016 forced the department to make the findings public.

The West seems to be finally waking up. The new assertiveness shows official recognition of the link between Islamist ideology and terror, and our governments must keep it up.

Women drivers, economic diversification and the other promises for modernization of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman bring hope about Saudi Arabia’s future, but the acid test will be the moderation of Wahhabi ideology.

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